Nobel Peace Prize
Commitment honoured against sexualised violence in conflict
Last Friday, the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Nadia Murad from Iraq and Denis Mukwege from Congo. Both campaign against sexualised violence in conflict. The fact that the prize was awarded for their commitment against sexualised violence is an important sign. For although UN Security Council Resolution 1325 has been calling since 2000 for women and girls in particular to be protected against gender-based violence in armed conflict, sexualised violence is still very often used as a weapon of war. As Flurina Derungs, Director of PeaceWomen Across the Globe, pointed out in an interview with Blick on 6 October 2018, «the laureates stand for the thousands of activists who work against sexualised violence in war affected areas».
In 2005, PeaceWomen Across the Globe nominated 1000 women for the Nobel Peace Prize in order to make the tremendous amount of peace work done by women visible and recognised. PeaceWomen Across the Globe continues to work towards this goal. The central instrument for the work of PeaceWomen Across the Globe is UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (UNSCR 1325). The resolution demands the participation of women in peace processes and is explicitly directed against gender-based violence.
Since the nomination of the 1000 PeaceWomen in 2005, five women, eight men and seven organisations have received the Nobel Peace Prize. Since 1901, a total of only 17 Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded to women, 89 to men and 27 to organisations.
The award to Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege recognises their commitment against sexualised violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. PeaceWomen Across the Globe agrees with Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chairperson of the Nobel Committee, when she says that «a more peaceful world can only be achieved if women and their fundamental rights and security are recognised and protected in war».