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Project description NAP 1325

Project description

Women, Peace and Security: Civil Society’s Critical Voice  

Project Title: “Civil Society Contribution to the implementation of the Swiss NAP 1325”

Project Duration: 2018-2021

The project «Civil Society Contribution to the implementation of the Swiss NAP 1325» aims at ensuring that the experiences and know-how of the civil society are taken into account in the official implementation of the Swiss NAP 1325. The main objectives are to strengthen a gender-sensitive peace policy in both Swiss domestic and international politics and to raise public awareness around the resolution 1325.

The adoption of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) in 2000 marked the first time women and gender were officially linked to the peace and security agenda. This landmark resolution calls for women’s participation in conflict prevention and peace processes, women’s protection during conflict, including from sexual violence, and the prevention of violence against women through the promotion of women’s rights and gender equality.

In Switzerland, KOFF, the Swiss Platform for Peacebuilding, together with PeaceWomen Across the Globe and the feminist peace organisation cfd, coordinate the civil society follow up of the fourth Swiss National Action Plan (NAP) 1325 on WPS (2018-2022). Involving civil society in the implementation of the NAP has the added value of linking policy and practice, grounding the NAP in Swiss public and political life, as well as a multiplier effect.

Based on recommendations from Swiss civil society on the implementation of the previous Swiss NAPs on WPS, this project has identified two thematic areas for closer critical examination: Women and conflict prevention and  Socio-economic conditions for substantial participation of women in peace processes. The project will focus on documenting and analysing civil society experiences in these areas in order to provide the basis for policy and practice recommendations on women, peace and security, along with a continuous policy dialogue with key actors from government, academia and civil society in Switzerland. A close cooperation with members of the Swiss parliament and media will bring the project findings to the political stage and raise public awareness for supporting gender-sensitive peace policies.


On November 22, 2018 the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) launched Switzerland's fourth National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (NAP 1325) on women, peace and security in Geneva. The NAP 1325 is an important domestic and foreign policy instrument for Switzerland as it lays the foundation for a gender-sensitive peace policy.

During a public consultation held in early 2018, civil society’s critical voices were included in the process of designing the new NAP 1325, and fifteen non-governmental organizations from Swiss civil society have committed themselves to critically looking at its implementation, in order to strengthen the relevance of the NAP 1325 for peace policies and practice on the ground. The result is this four-year project – a joint initiative of PeaceWomen Across the Globe (PWAG), cfd – the feminist peace organization and KOFF, swisspeace, partly supported by the Human Security Division (HSD) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).

First Project Phase (2018 – 2019): Women and Conflict Prevention

Switzerland’s fourth NAP to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 calls for women’s inclusion in efforts to prevent violent extremism (PVE) as well as a recognition of the various roles women play in relationship to violent extremism.  In cooperation with Swiss civil society, the project currently investigates the connection of the WPS agenda with the PVE agenda with a critical eye on the attempts to securitize gender equality and women’s empowerment. Through a site-based research in Kenya, the investigation will answer the following questions: What does women’s inclusion in efforts to “prevent violent extremism” look like in practice? What impact does it have on civil society organizations and women’s civil society organizations in particular? What roles do women play in the prevention of violent conflict, both within and outside of the agenda named “preventing violent extremism”?

In the second project phase (2020-2021), we will discuss the concept of security itself and the consequences of relying on a very narrow definition of security. In fact, “Security does not just mean physical integrity, but also individual and collective access to education, health care, an income, political processes, information”[1]. In order to contribute to a broadening concept of security, we look at the socio-economic conditions which enable or constrain women’s substantial participation in peace processes.

[1] Preventing conflict, transforming justice, securing the peace. A global study on the implementation of UN resolution 1325.